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Glossary

Alphabetical list of words relating to fireplaces

Automatic Thermostat

A type of thermostat that continually measures the room temperature and will automatically adjust the fire rate of gas fireplaces to maintain a constant room temperature.

Fresh Air Ventilation

Ventilation is required to maintain a balance of air pressure between the room housing the gas fire and the outside. A flame needs oxygen to keep burning. Ventilation is the connection of air in the room housing the gas fire, to the outside. The vents must be installed somewhere in the area where the gas fire is located. These can be in the floor, ceiling or wall, providing they can draw air from outside. The type of vent that can be used for ventilation is varied but must be of adequate size to satisfy the required ventilation of the fire you are installing. Open fronted fires cannot be installed in bathrooms or toilets as per AS5601-2004(5.12.13.2).

B-vent

A gas fireplace that draws air from inside the home through ports in the firebox itself. (also called Natural vent)

Convection Heat

The process of drawing cold air in heating it up by passing it over aa hot surface, hot air rises, cool air drops and the cycle of heating begins. Please refer to diagram:

Cast Iron Insert

A complete insert for, gas or solid fuel, no requirement for a fireback. Installed into a full masonry chimney.

Cast Iron Fascia

An additional accessory that can be used in a traditional fireplace setting or just as a finishing trim for a fireplace installation.

Direct Vent Flues

A gas fireplace with a sealed glass door, which draws cold air from outside (not room air) and hot gases and fuels are expelled outside by the inner flue. The room air is exchanged around the fireplace body but does not mix with the combustion/exhaust air.

Damper

A device used in a wood fire to reduce or close the opening between the firebox and the flue, allowing the user to control the rate of the burn.

Electronic ignition

ignition of the burner or pilot is controlled electronically, usually with the use of a remote.

Electric Fireplace

An electric fireplace is an electric heater that mimics a fireplace burning coal, wood, or natural gas. Electric fireplaces have simple installation as they do not require flues like a traditional wood or gas fireplace.

Fascia

A detachable accessory that finishes the edges of a fireplace unit. Can be used on electric, gas and wood fire units. A fascia is a way of finishing the area between your unit and the wall to create a ‘clean finish’. When someone refers to a ‘seamless finish’ they usually are referring to no fascia (as the wall lining meets the edge of the unit) Note: this can only occur on electric units or units specifically designed for this type of installation.

Firebox

the chamber of the fireplace that contains the fire

Flue

A flue is a duct, pipe, or opening in a chimney or wall for conveying exhaust gases from a fireplace (gas or wood) to the outdoors.

Free Standing

refers to fireplaces that are not inbuilt or set into a wall.

Fuel

material such as coal, gas, or oil that is burned to produce heat or power.

Gas Fireplace
Hearth

The floor situation directly underneath and usually to the front of the fireplace protecting the flooring, creating a tactile barrier for safety

Insert

A gas/wood insert that is designed to be inserted into an existing masonry enclosure.

Multi Burner

Gas fireplaces can have a multi or single burner. With a single burner, you can either turn the gas on or off. With a double burner, it gives you the flexibility of turning the left and right burners off and on and leaving the centre burner on by itself.

Mantle

Shelf located above the fireplace that protrudes out or a complete frame in wood, marble or stone.

Pilot Light

A small gas flame that heats the thermocouple creating a small electrical current that opens the main valve before allowing the main burner to ignite.

Peninsula Fireplace

A fireplace that offers 3 glass panels.

Plinth

A lower square slab at the base of a column or the base course of a building,or projecting base of a wall and can be used to support a fireplace. Typically, concrete or marble, this can act as a floating hearth for a fireplace if it meets Australian Standards.

Radiant Heat

This is the heat that we feel coming off the glass of the fireplace where the flame is. Radiant heat, also known as thermal radiation, is the transfer of electromagnetic radiation. This heating transfer mechanism does not require a medium in which it propagates (unlike convection) therefore it is something that can be felt between 1.5 – 2 meters in front of the fireplace.

Remote control

A device used to control the fireplace from a distance.

Raised Boxed Hearth

A raised box hearth is a hearth that is not flush on the floor but raised like a box. It is used to cover the base of some fireplaces to enhance the fire feature space.

Tunnel Fireplace

A Fireplace placed within the wall between two rooms and that is visible from both rooms. Also referred to a double-sided fireplace.

Wood Fires

Wood fires use wood as a source of fuel, heating the room through radiant and in convected heat. Fans may also be present created forced convection.

Zero Clearance

A fire box that is insulated and can be built into a timber frame with reduced clearances. Please always refer to each individual manufacture for these clearances